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The Future Perfect

The future perfect tense in French consists of the future of the auxiliary verb avoir or  être + the past participle. The past participle follows the same agreement rules as in the passé composé.

avoir

j‘aurai parlé, fini, vendu nous allons parlé, fini, vendu
tu auras parlé, fini, vendu vous aurez parlé, fini, vendu
il/elle/on aura parlé, fini, vendu ils/elles auront parlé, fini, vendu

être

je serai parti(e), rentré(e), allé(e) nous serons parti(e)s, rentré(e)s, allé(e)s
tu seras parti(e), rentré(e), allé(e) vous serez parti(e)(s), rentré(e)(s), allé(e)(s)
il sera parti, rentré, allé ils seront partis, rentrés, allés
elle sera partie, rentrée, allée elles seront parties, rentrées, allées
on sera parti(s/es), rentré(s/es), allé(s/es)

The future perfect expresses the idea will have spoken, will have finished, will have sold. In both French and English, the future perfect tense indicates an event that will be completed in the future before another event occurs, or an event that will be completed before some point of time in the future. The simple future tense does not necessarily express the completion of the action – just that it takes place in the future.

The future perfect may appear in main clauses to indicate a future action that will be completed by a certain time.

Ils seront tous partis avant la tombée de la nuit. | They all will have left before nightfall.

The future perfect may appear in subordinate clauses when they are introduced by a conjunction of time indicating that the action of a subordinate clause will be completed before the action of a main clause in the future tense. English uses the present perfect, not the future perfect, in these cases.

On passera le voir quand il se sera levé. | We’ll go by to see him when he has gotten up.


Je te dirai ce qui se passe dès que j’aurai appris quelque chose. | I will tell you what’s going on as soon as I have learned something.


Have an amazing week, everyone!

A la prochaine…

Courtney

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Lesson 16 – The Future Tense

Leçon 16 – The Future Tense – Le Futur

The future tense in French expresses an action that will take place in the future. For example: I will sing, he will eat.

Future tense of a regular verb is formed by adding the following endings to the infinitive:

-ai, -as, -a, -ons, -ez, -ont

Example:

Parler

  • je parlerai
  • tu parleras
  • il/elle/on parlera
  • nous parlerons
  • vous parlerez
  • ils/elles parleront

Finir

  • je finirai
  • tu finiras
  • il/elle/on finira
  • nous finirons
  • vous finirez
  • ils/elles finiront

Note: Verbs whose infinitive ends in -re drop the final e before the future tense ending.

Rendre

  • je rendrai
  • tu rendras
  • il/elle/on rendra
  • nous rendrons
  • vous rendrez
  • ils/elles rendront

 

Some verbs have an irregular stem in the future tense. The endings are regular in every case.

  • être – je serai
  • faire – je ferai
  • aller – j’irai
  • avoir – j’aurai
  • savoir – je saurai
  • tenir – je tiendrai
  • venir – je viendrai
  • vouloir – je voudrai
  • acquérir – j’acquérrai
  • courir – je courrai
  • envoyer – j’enverrai
  • mourir – je mourrai
  • pouvoir – je pourrai
  • voir – je verrai
  • devoir – je devrai
  • recevoir – je recevrai
  • décevoir – je décevrai
  • pleuvoir – il pleuvra

 

Here are some related verbs that have the same irregularities in their stems:

  • devenir – je deviendrai
  • revenir – je reviendrai

 

The future of il faut is il faudra. The future of il y a is il y aura.

 

Verbs that change a mute e in the present tense (ex: acheter) also change the e to è in all forms of the future tense.

  • acheter – j’achèterai
  • amener – j’amènerai

 

Verbs that double their final consonant before a mute e in the present tense (ex: appeler) will still also have a double consonant in the future tense.

  • appeler – j’appellerai
  • jeter – je jetterai

 

Verbs such as espérer and préférer keep the é in the future tense.

  • espérer – j’espérerai
  • préférer – je préféreai

 

Merci à vous !

Courtney