Part 6 in this series.
hormis – except (archaic literary usage)
“Il les accusa tous hormis ses avocats.” | “He accused everyone except his lawyers.”
hors – outside/except
Hors is normally only used as a simple preposition in the following phrases:
- hors commerce | not for sale to the public
- hors jeu | offside
- hors la loi | outlawed
- hors série | out of production
malgré – despite/in spite of
“Malgré la grève, l’usine a produit une centaine de voitures cette semaine.” | “Despite the strike, the factory has produced about a hundred cars this week.”
outre – besides/beyond (literary)
“Outre deux tomes des Essais de Montaigne, il possédait les Confessions de Rousseau.” (literary) | “Besides two volumes of Montaigne’s Essays, he owned Rousseau’s Confessions.”
Outre also occurs in less literary registers in the following phrases:
- outre-Atlantique | across the Atlantic (i.e. in America)
- outre-cela | besides that
- outre-Manche | across the Channel (i.e. in Britain)
- outre-mer | overseas
- outre-Rhin | on the other side of the Rhine (i.e. in Germany)
- outre-tombe | beyond the grave
Have a great week, everyone!
Merci à vous !