It is essential to know how to conjugate verbs in French, and more importantly how different verbs (-er, -ir, -re ending) are conjugated. There comes the dilemma when there are irregular verbs that resemble “regular” verbs, but they do not conjugate the same way.
A small number of -ir verbs have the ending of -er verbs in the present tense. The example below is ouvrir (to open).
|tu ouvres||vous ouvrez|
|il/elle ouvre||ils/elles ouvrent|
Verbs conjugated like ouvrir: accueillir (to welcome), couvrir (to cover), cueillir (to gather, pick), découvrir (to discover), rouvrir (to reopen), souffrir (to suffer).
Another group of -ir verbs is conjugated like -re verbs. The example below is partir (to leave, to set out for [a destination]).
|je pars||nous partons|
|tu pars||vous partez|
|il/elle part||ils/elles partent|
Verbs conjugated like partir: dormir (to sleep), mentir (to lie), repartir (to leave again), sentir (to feel), servir (to serve), sortir (to go out).
The verb mettre (to put) is conjugated like an -re verb, but it only has one t in the singular.
|je mets||nous mettons|
|tu mets||vous mettez|
|il/elle met||ils/elles mettent|
Verbs conjugated like mettre: battre (to beat), combattre (to fight, combat), débattre (to debate), omettre (to omit), permettre (to permit), promettre (to promise).
The verbs convaincre (to convince) and vaincre (to conquer) have two stems. The singular stem ends in -c, and the plural stem ends in -qu.
|je convaincs||nous convainquons|
|tu convaincs||vous convainquez|
|il/elle convainc||ils/elles convainquent|
Infinitives ending in -aindre, -eindre, and -oindre have two stems. The singular stem ends in -n, and the plural stem ends in -gn. They follow the pattern of the verb craindre (to fear), in the following example.
|je crains||nous craignons|
|tu crains||vous craignez|
|il/elle craint||ils/elles craignent|
Verbs conjugated like craindre: atteindre (to reach, attain), éteindre (to put out, extinguish), joindre (to join), peindre (to paint), plaindre (to pity), rejoindre (to rejoin).
Verbs like connaître (to know) have a singular stem ending in -ai. In the third person singular form, the -i changes to -î. The plural stem ends in -ss.
|je connais||nous connaissons|
|tu connais||vous connaissez|
|il/elle connaît||ils/elles connaissent|
Verbs conjugated like connaître: apparaître (to appear), disparaître (to disappear), paraître (to seem, appear), reconnaître (to recognise).
Verbs with infinitives ending in -uire like construire (to build) have two stems. The singular stem ends in -i and the plural stem ends in -s.
|je construis||nous construisons|
|tu construis||vous construisez|
|il/elle construit||ils/elles construisent|
Verbs conjugated like construire: conduire (to drive), détruire (to destroy), introduire (to introduce), produire (to produce), traduire (to translate).
The verb recevoir (to receive) is conjugated similarly to devoir. Note the change of c to ç before o.
|je reçois||nous recevons|
|tu reçois||vous recevez|
|il/elle reçoit||ils/elles reçoivent|
Verbs conjugated like recevoir: décevoir (to disappoint), apercevoir (to notice).
Until next week, dear readers. Have a wonderful week!
A bientôt !