The Superlative

In English, the superlative is expressed by adding -est to an adjective or adverb (ex: small → smallest; slow → slowest), or by adding the words “most” or “least” in front of the adjective or adverb (ex: beautiful → most beautiful; happy → least happy).

The superlative in French is expressed by placing the definite article and the words plus or moins in front of the adjective or adverb.

  • Je crois que c’est la région la plus pittoresque du pays.
  • I think that this is the most picturesque region in the country.
  • Eric est le plus grand élève de la classe.
  • Eric is the tallest student in the class.
  • Aurélie lit le plus vite.
  • Aurélie reads the fastest.

The form of the definite article (le, la, les) used depends upon the noun which follows, to which the adjective refers and with which it agrees in gender and number. However, the article is always le in adverbial superlative expressions.


Irregular Comparative and Superlative Forms

The comparative and superlative forms of the adjective bon (good) and the comparative of the adverb bien (well) are irregular in both French and English.

Positive

Comparative

Superlative

Adjective

Bon (good)

Meilleur (better, masculine)

Le meilleur (the best, masculine)

Meilleure (better, feminine)

La meilleure (the best, feminine)

Adverb

Bien (well)

Mieux (better)

Le mieux (the best)

  • Si nous allions à un meilleur restaurant, nous mangerions mieux.
  • If we went to a better restaurant, we would eat better.
  • Félicitations, je te souhaite le mieux !
  • Congratulations, I wish you the best!

Happy first day of December! As we get closer to wrapping up this year, I’d like to hear from you guys – what you like, what you don’t like, what you’d like to see more of. I want to make this blog work for everyone and their needs.

Merci à vous !

Courtney

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