Lesson 29 – Indefinite Pronouns

Leçon 29 – Les Pronoms Indéfinis

Indefinite pronouns are pronouns that do not refer to any person, amount, or thing in particular. (Ex: anything, something, anyone, everyone)

  • d’autres – (masculine, plural) – others
    • D’autres can be used of people or things, and always take a plural verb.
      • Certains clients se disent très contents, mais d’autres se plaignent.
      • Some customers say that they are very happy, but others are complaining.
  • autre chose – (masculine) – something else
    • Autre chose implies “something else, not this”.
      • Il veut changer de métier pour faire autre chose.
      • He wants to change his profession and do something else.
  • chacun – everyone
    • The masculine form chacun is used, unless the context specifically applies to women, in which case chacune is used. Chacun(e) takes a singular verb.
      • Chacun a contribué selon ses moyens.
      • Everyone contributed according to their means.
  • grand-chose – (masculine) much/ a lot
    • Grand-chose is only used after a negative, as the direct object, or after a preposition.
      • Ils n’ont pas gagné grand-chose aujourd’hui.
      • They haven’t earned much today.
  • plusieurs – (masculine, plural) some/several
    • Plusieurs can be used of people or things. It can stand as the subject or object of the verb, but if it is the object, either the pronoun en (of them) should be included before the verb or plusieurs should be qualified by de/parmi + noun.
      • Cette question a dérouté plusieurs de mes élèves.
      • This question tripped up several/some of my students.
      • Quant aux restaurants chinois, j’en connais plusieurs.
      • As for Chinese restaurants, I know several.
  • quelques-uns – (masculine, plural) some/a few
    • The forms quelques-uns/unes can stand as subject or object of a verb or after a preposition. If they are the object, either the pronoun en (of them) should be included before the verb or quelques-uns/unes should be qualified by de/parmi + noun.
      • Beaucoup d’enterprises ont visité la foire. Quelques-unes ont demandé des brochures.
      • Lots of firms visited the fair. Some asked for brochures.
      • Il y a trois cents personnes qui travaillent ici, mais je n’en connais que quelques-unes / je ne connais que quelques-unes parmi elles.
      • There are 300 people who work here, but I know only a few of them.

Have a great week, everyone!

À bientôt !

Courtney

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